Landscape Diversity: Refers to the microhabitats and climatic gradients available in one’s immediate neighborhood. Topographic diversity buffers against climatic effects because the persistence of species in an area increases in landscapes with a wide variety of microclimates. In this study, we measure microclimates by counting the variety of landforms, measuring elevation range, and the density and configuration of wetlands in a 100 acre neighborhood around every point on the landscape. Read the Eastern Resilience Methods or the Great Lakes and Tallgrass Prairie Methods.